mount bromo indonesia three mountains view landscape

Mount Bromo, Indonesia: A Weekend Getaway

I mentioned in my New Year post that I would be focusing on domestic travels in Malaysia or destinations within Southeast Asia for the first half of 2017, and Indonesia was the first country that I planned for this year.

Indonesia comprises 17,000 islands and is the largest island country in the world. There is no way I would be able to explore all 17,000 islands but ever since I explored some of their hidden gems back in 2009 and 2013 (before they became ‘hot destinations’ now), Indonesia has been one of my favourite destinations in Southeast Asia. Moreover, it is only 2-3 hours’ flight from Malaysia – how convenient is that!

*Related Post: Best of 2017 – Getting Out of Comfort Zone
mount-bromo indonesia surabaya map
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I had always thought that my first visit to Indonesia was to Bali and Komodo Islands in 2009 but my sister reminded me that my first visit went way back to our family trip to Lake Toba in Sumatra when I was 10 years old. Also, I had thought my last trip to Indonesia was to Mount Ijen in 2009 but it was to Lombok in 2013! I’m definitely getting old for my memory is failing me, LOL! It has been 4 years since Lombok, and I recently returned to Indonesia – a weekend trip to Surabaya and Mount Bromo in East Java.

Surabaya is the second largest city in Indonesia and was once the largest city in the colonial Dutch East Indies. There aren’t many interesting attractions in Surabaya but this city is the gateway to the Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park.

How do I get to Surabaya?

Travellers can fly directly into Surabaya or travel by train or express buses from the major cities of Java such as Jakarta, Bandung or Jogjakarta but expect a long journey of 10-15 hours. For those who are travelling from Bali, they can take a ferry from Gilimanuk in Bali to Ketapang in East Java, a bus to Banyuwangi and finally a train to Surabaya.

My sister and I flew from Kuala Lumpur to Surabaya, our flight was 2.5 hours.

And how do I get to the Mount Bromo area?

The Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park is named after its 2 mountains: Mount Bromo, the Tengger people who inhabit the area, and Mount Semeru.

Mount Bromo (2,329m) is the most popular and accessible active volcano in Java whereas Mount Semeru (3,676m) is the highest mountain in Java but is currently closed to visitors due to its highly active nature.  The last eruption of Mount Bromo was in November 2010 which saw the volcano spewed ash up to 2,300 feet in the sky, and its eruption went on till early January 2011. The national park was closed but reopened several months later.

mount bromo indonesia three mountains view landscape
Three volcanoes: Mt Batok (foreground), Mt Bromo (belching white smoke) and Mount Semeru (background, highest mountain among three)

We travelled by private car from Surabaya to Mount Bromo, the journey was only 3 hours’ drive. The short drive is the main reason why many domestic tourists visit this volcano. College/University students also enjoy going on motorcycle trips from Surabaya on Saturday (just after midnight), arriving at the national park in time for sunrise, after which they have breakfast in the village nearby before heading back to Surabaya. Hence, should you decide to travel to Mount Bromo, note that there could be a larger crowd of tourists than usual on weekends and during Indonesian holiday periods.

Travellers can opt to travel for a couple of hours by bus from Surabaya to the Probolinggo bus terminal, and switch to another bus to Cemoro Lawang which is the nearest village to the national park. A word of caution though: be aware of scams and touts targeting foreign tourists.

mount bromo indonesia village road
Village road
mount bromo indonesia village rolling green hills
Village hills

Who are the Tengger people?

Mount Bromo was named after Brahma, the Hindu creator god – the name Bromo derived from the Javanese pronunciation. The people who in live in the villages situated in and around the national park are the Tengger people or the Tenggerese, and they practice Hinduism.

The Tenggerese are one of the few Hindu communities left in Java. Bali is not the only Hindu island in Indonesia but the Tenggerese are believed to be descendants of Majapahit rulers in Java who were driven to the mountains to flee from the mass arrival of Muslim Madurese in the 19th century.

Unlike Bali, Hinduism is rather non-ostentatious in Bromo with the exception of a Hindu temple in the village, Hindu altars outside their homes, and the Poten Temple at the caldera of Mount Bromo where Tenggerese and Balinese pilgrims visit and make offerings.

You can easily spot the Tenggerese by their poncho-like blankets wrapped around them as they trot on horses bringing tourists back and forth across the caldera or the Laut Pasir (Sea of Sand).

mount bromo indonesia tengger people and horses
A Tenggerese and his horse

Where to stay?

We stayed at Jiwa Jawa Resort, a 4-star hotel which happened to be one of the best properties in the national park. The owner of the resort is also a photographer who exhibits his spectacular photographs of Mount Bromo and works of art by other artists at the Java Banana Gallery, a gallery-cum-café at the resort.

mount bromo indonesia jiwa jawa resort garden sculpture
Jiwa Jawa Resort

Other types of accommodation such as hostels, guesthouses and homestays are available. However, expect very basic accommodation at the guesthouses/homestays.

*Related Post: Jiwa Jawa Resort, Bromo - Review

When do I get to climb Mount Bromo?         

Mountain climbing is all about climbing to the summit in time for sunrise, right? Well, there isn’t a need to climb a mountain to see sunrise here – we travelled by jeep instead. Yeah I know, we are “cheaters” 🙂

Our jeep arrived at our resort at 3.30am and drove us for 45 minutes to Mount Penanjakan Viewpoint to see sunrise over Mount Bromo. No other vehicles are allowed except motorbikes to the viewpoint, local jeeps only. Although sunrise was at 5am, we needed to book our spot early – the best vantage point – to take photos of the sunrise and Mount Bromo.

As the sun began to rise, we did not only see Mount Bromo but three distinct volcanoes. The volcano in the foreground is the dormant Mount Batok; Mount Bromo is situated just behind Mount Batok with its entire top blown off and crater belching white sulphurous smoke; and the highest volcano of the three is the highly active Mount Semeru which emits smoke every 20-30 minutes.

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It was cold that morning, temperatures dipped to 14-15 degrees Celsius but by the time we saw the first rays of light, we forgot about the cold for we were too busy admiring and taking photos of the three mountains and its surrounding landscape especially in that soft morning light.

(We were told that it gets really cold during the mid-year season – 5-7 degrees Celsius!)

By 6am, we went back to the jeep and were driven back the same route from which we came earlier – in the dark. We stopped at the caldera of Mount Bromo where our horses were waiting to take us to the foot of Mount Bromo. Travellers can choose to walk but since we were “cheaters” we rode on horseback instead 🙂

mount bromo indonesia local jeeps


mount bromo indonesia caldera mount batok background
Horseback rides are available at the caldera (Mount Batok in the background)
mount bromo indonesia the 200 steps looking down
Looking down halfway the 200 steps up the crater
mount bromo indonesia caldera sea of sand
The massive caldera – Sea of Sand

At the foot of Mount Bromo, we climbed over 200 steps to the summit of Mount Bromo – the crater. And we came very close to the white sulphurous smoke that we saw from a distance at the viewpoint at sunrise.

*Related Post: Breathing in the Fumes on Mount Ijen

We learnt that the Tenggerese climbed up the steps on the fourteenth day of the Hindu festival of Yadnya Kasada to make offerings of fruit, rice, vegetables, flowers and sometimes livestock to the mountain gods. They throw their offerings into the volcano of Bromo, and some locals even go down into the crater to recollect their sacrificed goods for they believe could bring them good luck! Well, I definitely do not want to fall into that crater!

Should I hire a jeep and go on horseback, or can I hike on my own?

We wanted some comforts, as such, we preferred the jeep and the horseback ride.

For those wanting the alternatives, travellers can hike for 2 hours to Mount Penanjakan Viewpoint for sunrise or they can hike for 45 minutes through the Sea of Sand and then up the steps to the crater of Mount Bromo. I do not have the specifics but just ensure that you get proper information and permits before hiking on your own. This is because the national park could be off-limits if local authorities detect potential volcanic eruption or tremor activity.


We had a fantastic weekend getaway – it was a right balance of city tour, mountain-climbing (well, sort of haha), cool and fresh mountain air, Indonesian food and a little bit of shopping – just the kind of escape that we needed to rejuvenate our minds and souls weary from the humdrum of daily routines.

But one thing for sure, that will not be my last trip to Indonesia because I’ll be back!

*My visit to Mount Bromo was hosted by Smailing DMC. I had personally used Smailing DMC services for trips to Komodo Island, Mount Ijen and Jogjakarta during my pre-blogger days, and have been very pleased with their services ever since. Opinions expressed in this post, as always, are my own.


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mount bromo indonesia a weekend getaway katpegimana

*Linking with #FarawayFiles, #TheWeeklyPostcard.

Two Traveling Texans


  1. Unique experience and highlight of our tour. Got up early (around 3 am) then transferred by jeep, followed by 45-minute hiking to the volcano crater. This is a place which looks something out of the world. Stunning.

    Those photos are amazing, thank you for sharing with us

  2. Wow, 17,000 islands! I knew Indonesia was comprised of many islands, but not that many. Exploring places closer to home is a great idea. It allows you to see more and spend less. Your trip to Mount Bromo was a success from all I can see. Interesting to learn that the Tenggerese were throwing offerings into the volcano crater. I would have been afraid to get so close to it. Usually there are very toxic gases coming out from the crater. Thank you for sharing this post on #TheWeeklyPostcard

    1. I was very careful in every step I took as I got closer to the crater. I certainly didn’t want to fall or drop my phone/camera into the crater! You’re right, there are usually toxic gases emitting from the crater but surprisingly the gases from Bromo Crater didn’t smell toxic. Hmm..

  3. I have not been to Indonesia yet. That resort looks lovely. I think the jeep to the top to see the sunrise was a good idea especially considering how early it was! Thanks for sharing on #TheWeeklyPostcard

  4. Well this looks like something interesting to visit! Not every day you can say you visited a volcano! Although, I’m a bit disappointed in your lack of optimism for visiting all 17,000 islands! You should have said I will try to visit all haha jk. Happy New Year! Thanks for linking up with #TheWeeklyPostcard!

  5. This sounds like so much fun! I hope I can get to Indonesia someday soon. Liked the way you gave out the detailed info on how to reach etc. Very helpful! #TheWeeklyPostcard

  6. It seems those volcanoes are calling me

    Really stunning landscape. I think I can spend a week there doing everything, especially witnessing the sunrise against those summits!

    The people seem down-to-earth and they are from my religion too.

  7. This is beautiful Kat! I have to smile and remark that it is all relative that you were cold at 14-15 C, in Copenhagen we’d be putting on shorts! The steam from the volcano is super impressive! Thanks for sharing with #FarawayFiles, Erin

    1. LOL, true that! You know what, I met a couple from Finland at the viewpoint and they were completely wrapped up in beanies, gloves and scarves! But as I chatted with them, they mentioned that they were living and working in Jakarta, so I guess their bodies were already accustomed to the tropics. Interesting, huh? 🙂

  8. We had a day in Bali last year, my first time in Indonesia. I can’t wait to go back and explore more. I love the idea of getting to the top of the mountain for sunrise via jeep. Much better than hiking in the dark.

    1. I agree with you – I prefer to go on a jeep to see the sunrise to hiking in the dark 🙂 Hope you get to come back to Indonesia and explore more – Indonesia is more than just Bali, each region/province has their own beauty to explore and experience. Cheers!

  9. Hi Kat
    Lovely article accompanied by some stunning photographs!
    The mist and mountains are undeniably inviting and the origin of name of the mountain is also interesting.
    Thank you for this beautiful exploration. The crater with it’s sulphur smoke is daunting but also one of nature’s beauty. Loved this article Kat!

    1. Thanks Divya 🙂 Indonesia has lots of stunning natural beauty, just that publicity and promotions are aimed towards Bali which has had been very popular with tourists for the longest time. It’s time for other gems of Indonesia to shine now 🙂

      1. I agree with you Kat. Indonesia means Bali for some of us! ( which I also would love to visit someday). Your blog helps allows people like me to be fascinated by so much more:)
        Love reading your articles

    1. Yeah, it’s time to revisit Indonesia, and it’s not too difficult to travel in Indonesia. You can hire private guides or go on private tours at reasonable prices, and their services are impeccable.

  10. So beautiful, Kat. I think I’d have taken a jeep ride if the only alternative was to get up in the dark to hike up there for the sunrise! I loved visiting Bali and the Gili Islands so would really enjoy going around more of Indonesia. Thanks for sharing with us on #FarawayFiles

    1. I wouldn’t mind hiking in the dark with a group and guide. We probably have to wear hats with LED lights to see the path. But nowadays, I tend to be a bit lazy, so I’d go for the easier option – the jeep 🙂

  11. I really want to explore Indonesia some more when we return to Australia. Mount Bromo is so dramatic and the surrounding terrain looks incredible. Putting it on the list! Thanks for sharing on #farawayfiles Kat!

    1. Indonesia is a gem – the country is so vast – that every region/province has their specialties. Hope you get to explore Indonesia when you’re heading to this side of the world 🙂 Cheers!

  12. The landscape in here is so surreal! Hard to believe such amazing places exist in our planet! Would like to discover more of Asia (which I love by the way). #FarawayFiles

    1. I know, unbelievable, right? 🙂 Oh yes, plenty of places to discover in Asia. Wish I could do the same for your region as well 🙂 Cheers!

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